Travel Tip

1. What to bring:
 light clothes like T-shirts and shorts (daytime)  long trousers and long sleeved shirts in bright colour (evening and night time)

1 small backpack and comfortable boots for jungle andf volcano treks (additional sandals for  for explorer & observation treks),    light and warm socks,   raincoat, plastic or waterproof bag for your personal belongings,    hut, sunglasses, sun lotion, insect repellent, toilet paper,   camera, mobilphone and cards,   mosquitonet and flashlight,   swimming suit and towel,    personal medical kit and recommended medicine like anti diarrhea medicine, dehydration salt, aspirin and antibiotic

2. Health / Risks:
You should take out comprehensive insurance with good medical cover in advance. Please note that travel insurance is within the personal responsibility of each traveler and should cover accidents, injury or loss of personal property!

Please consult your doctor in advance and discuss your individual medication (Tetanus and Hepatitis vaccination, anti-rabies inoculation) and get his advice on malaria prophylaxis. Basically you should use an insect repellent all day whilst in the jungle (Deet > 40%) and wear long sleeves/trousers during sunset when the mosquitoes are at their most active. There are mosquitoes around Krakatau Ujung Kulon but we have had no reports on malaria infection in recent years.

You need to be fit enough for strong exercise if you plan to do treks over a few days. A general health check with your doctor is an absolute necessity before travelling to the Java jungle and lies within the responsibility of each guest!

Please note that in and around Ujung Kulon Krakatau National Park you will mostly be out in the wild and that the tours arranged by EcoTravel Ujung Kulon involve certain risks and dangers. These include: traveling in mountain terrain, trekking in dense rainforest and crossing rivers; unpredictable behavior of wildlife; accidents caused by the forces of nature; accidents or illness in remote regions with little or no medical facilities and without any means of rapid or free evacuation; accidents caused by Indonesian traffic.

You should inform the EcoTravel team about your personal health conditions like high blood pressure, allergies, operations, pregnancy and fear of special insects, heights or darkness in advance!    In order to keep you as safe as possible you have to abide by the rules and instructions given to you by the EcoTravel team at all times. Please note that the tour operator is not liable for any damages or injuries suffered in consequence of anything, however caused, in connection with services carried out by third parties and for death or personal injury.

3. Visa:
Tourists can get a 30-day visa on arrival at Jakarta airport and on any other Indonesian international airports for $25. If you want to stay longer you can get a 60-day tourist visa at the Indonesian Embassy. The exact process and documents required will vary depending on your nationality, the country you apply in and the kind of your stay in Indonesia. The validity of your passport should be 6 months from the date of arrival in Indonesia.

4. Money:
Make sure in advance to arrive with enough cash in the area of Krakatau Ujung Kulon National Park! There are  ATM machines in Labuan just 15 minute from Carita or you can find it on the way from Jakarta  and around but it is possible to change foreign money like Euro. Note: most guesthouses do not change US-Dollars! There are plenty of cash points in Jakarta where you can get money with credit cards or exchange foreign currencies into Indonesian Rupiah (IDR). Note: The maximum amount you get from ATM machines is 2 Mio IDR, so you will have to make several transactions to get a higher amount! Due to frequent problems with ATM machines we recommend to take 2 -3 different credit cards with you! In Carita -Area around Carita you can pay with IDR only.

Krakatau Travel Tip
1) Read about past eruptions.

Volcanic eruptions can repeat themselves. What the volcano has done in the past is what it is capable of doing in the future. While volcanoes are inherently unpredictable, studies of past eruptions at a particular volcano will give an indication of what is possible.

2) Read about past accidents.

Analyse what went wrong in past accidents. The Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network (Smithsonian Institute) has the best monthly volcanic activity reports including accident reports. Two accidents have happened on field trips associated with International Volcanology conferences (Galeras in 1993 and Semeru 2000). Many scientists are inexperienced when it comes to climbing volcanoes. Theoretical knowledge is no replacement for field experience.

3) Observe the volcano for before getting close to the danger zone.

Note the frequency and types or eruptions occurring at the volcano. Sometimes a two to three day observation period is required before approaching the summit area. Simply arriving at the volcano and climbing straight to the summit is asking for trouble!

4) Know the current volcano warning level.

How does this compare to the "normal" state of volcanic activity. Volcano warning levels may be expressed in different forms. Warning levels may mean different things on different volcanoes. Learn what the current activity level means for the particular volcano you are visiting. Remember, most volcanoes are not monitored by scientists so don't rely on the authorities knowing the danger level. Absence of evidence is not evidence of absence. If there is no current eruption warning, it does not necessarily mean the volcano is safe!

UJung Kulon Travel Tip
Important considerations and some tips for common misunderstandings. The suggestions below are intended for extensive jungle trekking tours. However, they are also helpful for jungle hikes in national parks or short jungle walks near to tourist resorts.

Functional Clothing and Rain
In the tropical climate, high temperatures and oppressive humidity leave the impression that it would be best to walk around in swimming suits. However, reedy grasses and thistle plants may cause injuries. Therefore, it is advisable to wear long pants. It is also advantageous to wear socks so that no skin surfaces between shoes and pants. Functional clothing is breathable and can transfer sweat to the outside. This helps significantly to bear the humidity in the tropical climate. Functional clothing is also available with integrated rain protection. However, for the massive amounts of rain in tropical rainforests this is not sufficient. A rain poncho is advantageous as it protects the person and the backpack simultaneously.

Trail Shoes or Mountaineering Boots
Trail shoes are sufficient for hikes on even terrain and for steep terrain, boots with ankle protection are necessary. The massive amounts of rainfall in the tropical climate add another criterion. Even on marked trails in national parks, knee-deep streams or ponds may need to be crossed. Thorns or razor-sharp grass may cause injuries if one takes off his shoes. Advisable are water sports shoes that dry quickly and have an integrated water evacuation system. To avoid slipping on rocks they are also available with a rough profile and some models can be worn without socks.

Sun Protection during jungle trekking
In the latitudes of tropical climates, the sun is much stronger then in the moderate climate. Even when trekking through dense jungle with little exposure to direct sunlight there is a risk for sunburn. Sunscreen creams and a hat are necessary. Additionally a cloth should cover the neck.

Risk of Insect Bites
Insect bites are not only annoying but they are also a risk for tropical diseases. Insect repellents are therefore an essential item for a pleasant jungle trekking experience.

Contact with Wild Animals
In the jungle are poisonous creatures, which hikers should not come close. The respective headquarters of national parks provide information about unpleasant beings in the area. Wherever macaques live, visitors must store water bottles and leftover food in their backpack. Macaques are not particularly shy and they will try to steal the food.

Jungle Camps
Even in the tropical climate, there is a risk of forest fire in exposed places. In national parks, jungle camps can only be setup in designated areas. Additionally, camping in designated areas prevents from unpleasant surprises such as waking up in the middle of a pond or a stream after a monsoon rain.

Other Useful Tips
In the tropical climate, heavy rains are likely throughout the whole year. A poncho protects hiker and backpack from rain. Additionally, important documents and items (wallet, passport, mobile phone, etc.) should be kept in a transparent and waterproof bag.

Never leave marked trails.
Check shoes properly before putting them on. Scorpions and other insects might crawl into shoes when they are put aside during a rest. On each tour, it is important to know the distance of the trail and to be able to assess your own condition. Drinking water and food is required in sufficient quantities to overcome an unexpected delay. In order to discover the biodiversity of flora and fauna of the tropical rain forest a local guide will draw attention to much that the untrained eye would miss. Furthermore, in order to eat wild fruits in the jungle, you can rely on a local guide