1. What to bring:
clothes like T-shirts and shorts (daytime) long trousers and long
sleeved shirts in bright colour (evening and night time)
small backpack and comfortable boots for jungle andf volcano treks
(additional sandals for for explorer & observation treks), light
and warm socks, raincoat, plastic or waterproof bag for your personal
belongings, hut, sunglasses, sun lotion, insect repellent, toilet
paper, camera, mobilphone and cards, mosquitonet and flashlight,
swimming suit and towel, personal medical kit and recommended
medicine like anti diarrhea medicine, dehydration salt, aspirin and
2. Health / Risks:
should take out comprehensive insurance with good medical cover in
advance. Please note that travel insurance is within the personal
responsibility of each traveler and should cover accidents, injury or
loss of personal property!
consult your doctor in advance and discuss your individual medication
(Tetanus and Hepatitis vaccination, anti-rabies inoculation) and get his
advice on malaria prophylaxis. Basically you should use an insect
repellent all day whilst in the jungle (Deet > 40%) and wear long
sleeves/trousers during sunset when the mosquitoes are at their most
active. There are mosquitoes around Krakatau Ujung Kulon but we have had
no reports on malaria infection in recent years.
need to be fit enough for strong exercise if you plan to do treks over a
few days. A general health check with your doctor is an absolute
necessity before travelling to the Java jungle and lies within the
responsibility of each guest!
note that in and around Ujung Kulon Krakatau National Park you will
mostly be out in the wild and that the tours arranged by EcoTravel Ujung
Kulon involve certain risks and dangers. These include: traveling in
mountain terrain, trekking in dense rainforest and crossing rivers;
unpredictable behavior of wildlife; accidents caused by the forces of
nature; accidents or illness in remote regions with little or no medical
facilities and without any means of rapid or free evacuation; accidents
caused by Indonesian traffic.
should inform the EcoTravel team about your personal health conditions
like high blood pressure, allergies, operations, pregnancy and fear of
special insects, heights or darkness in advance! In order to keep you
as safe as possible you have to abide by the rules and instructions
given to you by the EcoTravel team at all times. Please note that the
tour operator is not liable for any damages or injuries suffered in
consequence of anything, however caused, in connection with services
carried out by third parties and for death or personal injury.
can get a 30-day visa on arrival at Jakarta airport and on any other
Indonesian international airports for $25. If you want to stay longer
you can get a 60-day tourist visa at the Indonesian Embassy. The exact
process and documents required will vary depending on your nationality,
the country you apply in and the kind of your stay in Indonesia. The
validity of your passport should be 6 months from the date of arrival in
sure in advance to arrive with enough cash in the area of Krakatau
Ujung Kulon National Park! There are ATM machines in Labuan just 15
minute from Carita or you can find it on the way from Jakarta and
around but it is possible to change foreign money like Euro. Note: most
guesthouses do not change US-Dollars! There are plenty of cash points in
Jakarta where you can get money with credit cards or exchange foreign
currencies into Indonesian Rupiah (IDR). Note: The maximum amount you
get from ATM machines is 2 Mio IDR, so you will have to make several
transactions to get a higher amount! Due to frequent problems with ATM
machines we recommend to take 2 -3 different credit cards with you! In
Carita -Area around Carita you can pay with IDR only.
Krakatau Travel Tip
1) Read about past eruptions.
eruptions can repeat themselves. What the volcano has done in the past
is what it is capable of doing in the future. While volcanoes are
inherently unpredictable, studies of past eruptions at a particular
volcano will give an indication of what is possible.
2) Read about past accidents.
what went wrong in past accidents. The Bulletin of the Global Volcanism
Network (Smithsonian Institute) has the best monthly volcanic activity
reports including accident reports. Two accidents have happened on field
trips associated with International Volcanology conferences (Galeras in
1993 and Semeru 2000). Many scientists are inexperienced when it comes
to climbing volcanoes. Theoretical knowledge is no replacement for field
3) Observe the volcano for before getting close to the danger zone.
the frequency and types or eruptions occurring at the volcano.
Sometimes a two to three day observation period is required before
approaching the summit area. Simply arriving at the volcano and climbing
straight to the summit is asking for trouble!
4) Know the current volcano warning level.
does this compare to the "normal" state of volcanic activity. Volcano
warning levels may be expressed in different forms. Warning levels may
mean different things on different volcanoes. Learn what the current
activity level means for the particular volcano you are visiting.
Remember, most volcanoes are not monitored by scientists so don't rely
on the authorities knowing the danger level. Absence of evidence is not
evidence of absence. If there is no current eruption warning, it does
not necessarily mean the volcano is safe!
UJung Kulon Travel Tip
considerations and some tips for common misunderstandings. The
suggestions below are intended for extensive jungle trekking tours.
However, they are also helpful for jungle hikes in national parks or
short jungle walks near to tourist resorts.
Functional Clothing and Rain
the tropical climate, high temperatures and oppressive humidity leave
the impression that it would be best to walk around in swimming suits.
However, reedy grasses and thistle plants may cause injuries. Therefore,
it is advisable to wear long pants. It is also advantageous to wear
socks so that no skin surfaces between shoes and pants. Functional
clothing is breathable and can transfer sweat to the outside. This helps
significantly to bear the humidity in the tropical climate. Functional
clothing is also available with integrated rain protection. However, for
the massive amounts of rain in tropical rainforests this is not
sufficient. A rain poncho is advantageous as it protects the person and
the backpack simultaneously.
Trail Shoes or Mountaineering Boots
shoes are sufficient for hikes on even terrain and for steep terrain,
boots with ankle protection are necessary. The massive amounts of
rainfall in the tropical climate add another criterion. Even on marked
trails in national parks, knee-deep streams or ponds may need to be
crossed. Thorns or razor-sharp grass may cause injuries if one takes off
his shoes. Advisable are water sports shoes that dry quickly and have
an integrated water evacuation system. To avoid slipping on rocks they
are also available with a rough profile and some models can be worn
Sun Protection during jungle trekking
the latitudes of tropical climates, the sun is much stronger then in
the moderate climate. Even when trekking through dense jungle with
little exposure to direct sunlight there is a risk for sunburn.
Sunscreen creams and a hat are necessary. Additionally a cloth should
cover the neck.
Risk of Insect Bites
bites are not only annoying but they are also a risk for tropical
diseases. Insect repellents are therefore an essential item for a
pleasant jungle trekking experience.
Contact with Wild Animals
the jungle are poisonous creatures, which hikers should not come close.
The respective headquarters of national parks provide information about
unpleasant beings in the area. Wherever macaques live, visitors must
store water bottles and leftover food in their backpack. Macaques are
not particularly shy and they will try to steal the food.
in the tropical climate, there is a risk of forest fire in exposed
places. In national parks, jungle camps can only be setup in designated
areas. Additionally, camping in designated areas prevents from
unpleasant surprises such as waking up in the middle of a pond or a
stream after a monsoon rain.
Other Useful Tips
the tropical climate, heavy rains are likely throughout the whole year.
A poncho protects hiker and backpack from rain. Additionally, important
documents and items (wallet, passport, mobile phone, etc.) should be
kept in a transparent and waterproof bag.
Never leave marked trails.
shoes properly before putting them on. Scorpions and other insects
might crawl into shoes when they are put aside during a rest. On each
tour, it is important to know the distance of the trail and to be able
to assess your own condition. Drinking water and food is required in
sufficient quantities to overcome an unexpected delay. In order to
discover the biodiversity of flora and fauna of the tropical rain forest
a local guide will draw attention to much that the untrained eye would
miss. Furthermore, in order to eat wild fruits in the jungle, you can
rely on a local guide